History Curriculum

At Petts Hill, History is taught in year group pairs through the Creative Curriculum and so is embedded within a number of topics.

Years 1 and 2:

In years 1 and 2, children will learn about the following aspects of History:

Changes in Food and Farming and in particular:

  • To know about Victorian farming in our local area.

Local history in particular:

  • To know about what Northolt was like in the past;
  • To find evidence of what Northolt was like and use this evidence to learn about what life would have been like for people living here;
  • To know about people and places that are important in the history (St Mary’s church and the racecourse gates, for example).

The History of flight and in particular:

  • To know about The Wright Brothers, Orville and Wilbur, who were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who were credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained flight, on December 17, 1903;
  • To know about Amelia Mary Earhart who was an American aviation pioneer, author and the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean;
  • To know about Amy Johnson CBE, was a pioneering English aviator. She flew solo or with her husband, Jim Mollison, and set numerous long-distance records during the 1930s;
  • To know about the timeline of the history of flight from the first airplane flight to today.

Forests and Jungles and in particular:

  • How some forests and woodland were planted and why.

The History of London and in particular:

  • To know about the events of The Great Fire of London in 1666;
  • To know what changes were made to the buildings in London following the Great Fire;
  • To know how the fire service was organised after The Great Fire;
  • To know about the diaries of Samuel Peyps and how historians use them to learn about that time.

People who have had bright ideas:

  • To know about people who have been determined to do something new: for example Florence Nightingale and Mary Secole;
  • To know about people who have invented something new: for example William Caxton and Tim Berners–Lee;
  • To know about people who have stood up for human rights: for example Rosa Parks and Emily Davison.

NB some of these people will be looked at in depth and some will be covered briefly according to what is best for the class.

Years 3 and 4

In years 3 and 4, children will learn about the following periods in British History:

The History of Northolt and in particular:

  • How and why people came to settle in Britain;
  • The Roman Empire, including Queen Boudica’s rebellion, how effective the Roman army was, significant features of Roman settlements;
  • The Roman Empire’s impact in Britain and things that were left behind;
  • The settlement of the Scots in Britain;
  • The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England;
  • How archaeologists have discovered about their lives and what we can still see today.
  • To study how national history is reflected in the locality;
  • About an aspect of history or a site dating from a period beyond 1066 that is significant in the locality (the racecourse);
  • Changes in land use;
  • Changes in housing.

The countryside and in particular:

  • To know about a brief history of places visited, the buildings and how the settlement developed.

The Tudors and in particular:

  • What life was like during Tudor times for both rich and poor;
  • The Tudor royal family, including Henry VIII and his wives;
  • Exploration during Tudor times;
  • Comparing health awareness and knowledge between Tudor times and the present day, including nutrition and dental health and hygiene.

World War 2 and in particular:

  • How the war started and which countries played a major role in it;
  • When the war took place and the timeline of events during the war;
  • How the war affected children in Britain in terms of evacuation and rationing;
  • How life changed for different people (children, women, men) as a result of the war.

Years 5 and 6

In years 5 and 6, children will learn about the following periods in History with a focus on the wider world outside Britain. This will build on and expand their previous learning which had more of a focus Britain:

Ancient Civilisations and in particular:

  • Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age;
  • A depth study of the ancient civilisation of Egypt and its achievements, including architecture and the organisation of a society;
  • The study of Greek life and achievements;
  • The Ancient Greek’s influence on the western world, including mathematics, philosophy and science.

The 1960s and in particular:

  • To know a significant turning point in British history – the rise of popular culture and music; the rise of The Beatles and Beatle-mania. The changes in fashion and everyday life of the people of Britain. The changing makeup of British society.

The Mayan civilisation c.AD 900 and in particular:

  • What life was like at that time and place, including buildings, trade, education and the number system;
  • Comparing life there with British history.

The History of Life Science and in particular:

  • The lives of significant people in the past that have contributed to the science of life (for example Charles Darwin, Alfred Wallace and Mary Anning);
  • To investigate the historical period they lived in and the implications their ideas had.

The History of canal building and in particular:

  • a brief study of canal building and how it was a significant turning point for Britain.

The History of the Caribbean and in particular:

  • Tudor Exploration, the discovery of the islands and Christopher Columbus;
  • The history of the slave trade, including the trade triangle between Europe, Africa and the Caribbean;
  • The daily life of slaves;
  • Key figures in the anti-slavery movement, e.g. Harriet Tubman;
  • The abolition of the slave trade.
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